What is Nail Trauma?
A fingernail or a toenail can be injured by a blow to the nail or by any crash injury to the distal phalanx (finger pinched in a drawer/doorway) leading to nail trauma. This kind of trauma results in the collection of blood under the nail and the condition is called subungual hematoma.
Some other causes Subungual hematoma are-
- Use of ill-fitting shoes (can affect toenails)
- Nail biting
- Cuticle biting
Signs and symptoms
Subungual hematoma appears dark red under the nail and the affected finger or toe may be painful. The patient might experience a throbbing sensation.
Physical examination is mandatory to rule out any disruption of the nail fold. The affected finger is also assessed for its motor function, sensation and circulation. An X ray may be advised after determining the extent and the cause of trauma.
Nail trauma can be prevented by wearing proper sized shoes and trimming of the finger nails. Also, the cuticle must not be bitten.
Warning: Above information provided is an overview of the disease, we strongly recommend a doctor's consultation to prevent further advancement of disease and/or development of complications.
Disclaimer: The information provided herein on request, is not to be taken as a replacement for medical advice or diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. DO NOT SELF MEDICATE. PLEASE CONSULT YOUR PHYSICIAN FOR PROPER DIAGNOSIS AND PRESCRIPTION.
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