Contact
Available Offers Learn More..
|
  • My Account
  • 

    Measles

    What is measles?

    Measles (also called as rubeola) is a preventable highly contagious and an acute febrile viral illness accounting for the most important cause of global mortality and morbidity. It is an acute febrile exanthema characterised by three C's (cough, coryza and conjunctivitis).

    More than 1,40, 000 people died from measles in 2018- mostly children under the age of 5 years, despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine.

    Causes

    The causative organism of measles is measles virus, a member of the Paramyxoviridae family. The virus has no animal reservoir and it is highly contagious. Measles is transmitted from person to person by respiratory droplets, small particle aerosols and close contact. The incubation period ranges from 10-14 days.

    Sign and symptoms

    Infectiousness of a case is maximal in the four days before and four days after rash develops, which coincides with peak levels of viremia and the features of cough, conjunctivitis, and coryza (3C's). The WHO clinical case definition of measles is "any person with fever, generalized maculopapular rash, cough, coryza, or conjunctivitis.

    Koplik spots are small white popular eruptions seen on buccal mucosa a day or two before the rash and these are pathognomonic for measles. Rash appears before the fever first on the face and spreads caudally to become generalized.

    Diagnosis

    The diagnosis of measles is based entirely on the clinical picture especially when a child presents with febrile illness and a maculopapular rash. Complete blood count reveals lymphopenia. IgM antibodies detection confirms the diagnosis. PCR detection of virus ribonucleic acid from throat, nasal and nasopharyngeal swab has almost 100 percent sensitivity currently.

    General management

    The management is supportive completely. Control of fever, prevention and correction of dehydration and isolation to control the infection is recommended.

    Complications

    Measles renders young infants, pregnant women and immunocompromised children to various complications which include pneumonia, otitis media and diarrhoea as a result of secondary infections. Central nervous complications include MIBE (Measles inclusion body encephalitis), ADEM (Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and SSPE (Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis).

    Warning: Above information provided is an overview of the disease, we strongly recommend a doctor's consultation to prevent further advancement of disease and/or development of complications.

    Disclaimer: The information provided herein on request, is not to be taken as a replacement for medical advice or diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. DO NOT SELF MEDICATE. PLEASE CONSULT YOUR PHYSICIAN FOR PROPER DIAGNOSIS AND PRESCRIPTION.

    Father's Day Special offer

    Extra 15% off

    Buy 2 Bakson Hair Reviver (100ml)

    Buy 2 Bakson Hair Reviver (100ml)

    ALFAVENA HOMOEO DRINK

    bxgy

    Get 1 Arnica shampoo 150ml free

    Buy 2 Nail & Hair Aid Tablets & Get 1 Arnica shampoo 150ml free

    PAY at Billdesk get additional discounts

    Get extra 2% OFF on payments through Billdesk

    PAY at Razorpay get additional discounts

    Get an extra 2% OFF on payments through Razorpay

    
    View as Grid List

    3 Items

    2 3 4 5
    bakson
    per page
    Set Descending Direction
    1. FERRUM PHOSPHORICUM - 12X
      Rating:
      87%
      (1)
      As low as ₹ 84.00
    View as Grid List

    3 Items

    2 3 4 5
    bakson
    per page
    Set Descending Direction